MERIS (MEdium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) is a programmable, medium-spectral resolution, imaging spectrometer operating in the solar reflective spectral range. Fifteen spectral bands can be selected by ground command.

The instrument scans the Earth's surface by the so called "push-broom" method. Linear CCD arrays provide spatial sampling in the across-track direction, while the satellite's motion provides scanning in the along-track direction.

MERIS is designed so that it can acquire data over the Earth whenever illumination conditions are suitable. The instrument's 68.5° field of view around nadir covers a swath width of 1150 km. This wide field of view is shared between five identical optical modules arranged in a fan shape configuration.



Status: Operational
Satellite ENVISAT
Launch Date: March 2002
Type: Imaging multi-spectral radiometers (vis/IR)
Measurements and Applications: Main objective is monitoring marine biophysical and biochemical parameters. Secondary objectives are related to atmospheric properties such as cloud and water vapour and to vegetation conditions on land surfaces

Technical Characteristics

Resolution: 300 m - 1200 m 
N. of Bands: 15
Wavebands: VIS 0.40 µm - 0.75 µm
NIR 0.75 µm - 1.3 µm
Swath: 1150 km


ENVISAT DATA Rolling Archive


MERIS Handbook